Israel Finkelstein

Pottery—a signal of different cultures. Plain, functional Iron I vessels (mid-11th century B.C.) from Shiloh, contemporaneous with the elaborate Philistine ware (see photograph), include several collar-rimmed jars, at rear, typical of the hill-country settlement sites. The Shiloh-Philistine comparison spotlights two material cultures that are close in time and place, but that nevertheless exhibit dramatic differences in their pottery.