Iron I settlement pattern in the land of Ephraim. Note that most early Iron I sites are located in the eastern part of the region, while most late Iron I sites were founded in the western section. This settlement pattern matches the agricultural divisions of the region; the eastern area favors cereals and the western section favors olive orchards. The map also highlights the proliferation of settlement sites from a mere handful during the Late Bronze Age to more than 100 in the Iron Age.