Collections of the Israel Dept. of Antiquities and Museums/Y. Lehman

Chalcolithic culture, 5,000 to 6,000 years ago, thrived in more than 25 villages on the Golan. These people left behind numerous pottery and basalt artifacts. Goat horns and a rope pattern decorate this restored ceramic crater. These horns and other motifs on the artifacts suggest that goat herding and agriculture served as the basis of the Golan’s Chalcolithic economy.