Robert Harding, London, England, courtesy the Cairo Archaeological Museum

Guarding the body of Tutankhamun, this shrine from the young king’s tomb is plated inside and out with solid gold. First, the woodwork was covered with a thin layer of plaster, and then golden sheets were pressed onto the wood and stuck with adhesive.

Although much smaller than the Temple Solomon built, this nearly 3,500-year-old shrine shows us how the Temple in Jerusalem might have been plated.