The Ophel Excavations, 1986/Photo: Eilat Mazar

This black juglet, small in size but large in importance, helped to date the construction of Building D, where it was found secreted between the stones of a foundation wall. Purposely deposited in the foundation—a common practice in the ancient world—the unbroken juglet, which may have held consecrated oil, is typical of pottery from the tenth and ninth centuries B.C. Based on this find, as well as other pottery, the author places the construction of the building sometime in the ninth or early eighth century B.C.