Beno Rothenberg

Perimeter wall and towers. Shown here are remains, found on the east side of the island, of the casemate wall that once surrounded Jezirat Faraun. Two parallel walls were divided into rooms, called casemate rooms, by small walls perpendicular to the outer walls. The wall seen here along the water’s edge is the outermost of the two parallel walls. A portion of a casemate wall may be seen at bottom left and another, above it, at center left. The outermost wall was subdivided into two stone layers with a concrete layer in between. This outer wall was 12 feet thick; the entire perimeter wall—outer wall, casemate rooms and inner wall— averaged about 20 feet thick.

Nine towers were part of the island’s perimeter wall. The mound at the top of this photograph contains the remains of one tower.