Hebrew University Museum/Moshe Cohen

Javelin point. This 4-inch-long point came from a javelin (pilum). The javelins used by the Roman legionary infantrymen consisted of a long, four-sided, pyramidal iron head with a four-sided shank that was set into a wooden shaft. The javelin was generally a little more than 6.5 feet in length. At the beginning of a battle, the legionary infantrymen hurled their javelins at the enemy before they closed in for combat with their swords.