Erich Lessing

A Philistine warrior is one of a group of captives carved in relief on the walls of Medinet Habu, the mortuary temple of Ramesses III. These carvings and information in Papyrus Harris I are the two major sources of information about a land and sea battle between Ramesses III and the Sea Peoples (who included the Philistines) about 1175 B.C.E. Traditionally, many scholars have accepted the view that Ramesses defeated the Philistines and allowed them to settle in Canaan as his vassals. Others contend that the Philistines won the battle and entered Canaan as conquerors. Author Itamar Singer argues that those who challenge the traditional view are engaging in selective reading of the evidence found in Papyrus Harris I and on the walls of Medinet Habu.