Beno Rothenberg

Two Roman camps, one north and one south of the Nahal Hever, were discovered by the 1953 expedition. The southern camp, shown here, overlooks the Cave of Horrors, so-named because of the dozens of skeletons found inside. The Roman camps date to the Second Jewish Revolt against Rome (also known as the Bar-Kokhba Revolt) of 132–135 C.E.; the skeletons are presumably those of Jewish refugees killed when the Romans camped above discovered their cave refuge.