Courtesy Gideon Avni and Zvi Greenhut

“Ariston of Apamea” reads the Greek inscription on the ossuary above that probably belonged to another family of Hellenized Jews from outside Palestine. This Ariston may be the Ariston mentioned in the Mishnah (the code of rabbinic law, compiled about 200 C.E.), who brought gifts from Apamea, in Syria, to present at the Temple. If so, this is one of the rare instances in which the name of a person referred to in an ancient source also appears in Jerusalem’s archaeological record.