Zev Radovan, courtesy Yizhar Hirschfeld

This fort-like structure provides an architectural contrast to the cliff-type monasteries seen so far. The monastery of Theodosius, the largest in the Judean desert, sits on a plain about 4 miles southeast of Jerusalem. Tradition claims that the cave under the main church here is the site where the three magi spent the night after having journeyed to Bethlehem to see the infant Jesus.