Sonia Halliday Photographs

Crowned with a pyramid, this third-century B.C.E. monument from Dougga, in Phoenician (then known as Punic) Tunisia, built in memory of a local Numidian prince named ‘Ateban, offered author Aharon Kempinski a clue to reconstructing the uppermost portion of the Pozo Moro monument.

Martín Almagro-Gorbea, who excavated the Pozo Moro monument, proposed that a stone frustum, or flat trapezoidal block, capped the memorial. But noting that the upper half of the 65-foot Dougga monument is almost identical to the Pozo Moro remains (although four horses, rather than lions, adorn the middle of the Dougga structure), Kempinski concluded that the Pozo Moro monument was likely topped with a pyramid as well, as shown by the dotted line in the drawing.