Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University/Nikolay Tarakhanov-Adani

The name Shubnaqos (Sðewbnqws) is engraved on this Edomite seal found at Qitmit. The Edomites often use the name of their principal deity, Qos, as a prefix or suffix to personal names—a linguistic appendage experts call a “theophoric element.” Hebrew names, too, are frequently dignified by a theophoric element—not qos but yahu (Yahweh), as in the name Yermiyahu (Jeremiah).