The search for the City of David. Over the years, archaeologists have cut four large trenches (highlighted on the map) down to the bedrock throughout the City of David, making it one of the most excavated locations in the Holy Land.

Scholars generally agree that the earliest residents must have settled near the Gihon Spring. Yet despite all the digging in this area, author Margreet Steiner contends, no architecture from the Late Bronze Age (1550–1200 B.C.E.) has been found in any of these trenches. She concludes that no city stood here during this period, immediately preceding the Israelite emergence in Canaan.