Library of Congress

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The colors may glow unusually brightly and the palm trees and people have been inserted for “local color,” but the basic depiction of the famous Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem—the details of size, shape, its position in relation to other buildings, and its state of dilapidation—is painstakingly accurate. Roberts became famous as the first European artist to combine artistic effect with draftsman-like accuracy, which made the published copies of his lithographs enormously popular.