Institute of Archaeology, University College London

The palace of Alalakh, in modern Atchana, on Syria’s northern border, bears striking similarities to the royal dwelling at Hazor. The paved courtyard of Alalakh’s palace appears in the foreground of this photo taken during British archaeologist Leonard Woolley’s 1936–1949 excavations. As at Hazor, polished basalt orthostats line the terrace wall supporting the porch and palace. The Alalakh core was probably built by King Niqmepa or his father, Idrimi, in the 15th century B.C.E.