Garo Nalbandian

The ruins of a Byzantine church lie on the bluff where the city once stood. The marble and granite columns from the church’s nave fell like dominoes during an earthquake in 749 C.E. Shaped like a horse’s head, the cliff on which the city stood, some scholars claim, gave Sussita its name, which means “mare” in Aramaic; in Greek the city was known as Hippos, meaning “horse.”