The British Museum

Winners and losers figure in the Babylonian Chronicle, a year-by-year record of events beginning in the eighth century B.C.E., with the reign of King Nabonassar. The publication of the cuneiform chronicle brought to light an otherwise unknown historical event: the Babylonian attack on Egypt in 601/600 B.C.E. The text does not gloss over the Babylonian shortcomings that contributed to Nebuchadnezzar’s subsequent retreat and encouraged the Judahite leadership to defect to the Egyptian side.