University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia

A glimmering wreath crowned Queen Puabi of Ur in death. Woolley discovered this magnificent headdress clinging to the crushed skull of Puabi, a 5-foot-tall, 40-year-old woman identified by a cylinder seal found in her tomb. Made of hundreds of delicate pieces, the reconstructed headdress includes a long gilded ribbon that stretched across Puabi’s forehead and looped over her ears, gold rosettes inlaid with lapis lazuli and white paste, rings of gold, and golden poplar and willow leaves dangling from strings of lapis lazuli and carnelian beads. Seven gold rosettes—called a “Spanish comb” by Woolley—sprouted from the back of the headdress.