The Dead Sea Scroll known by the acronym MMT has been at the center of a long-running controversy. The text was first assigned for publication to John Strugnell, who was much later joined by Israeli scholar Elisha Qimron. Their publication of MMT lists both men as authors, yet the copyright is assigned only to Qimron and when the Biblical Archaeology Society published an unauthorized version of MMT it was Qimron alone who sued—and won! The case was a first—the only time a scholar has been held to own a copyright in the reconstruction of an ancient text. But now another eminent scroll scholar has shown that it was Strugnell, not Qimron, who did the lion’s share of the decipherment of MMT. Will Strugnell get most of the money the court awarded to Qimron?