Courtesy the Israel Exploration Society

Fertility triad. Ibexes appear on a painted jar apparently crafted by Israelites, unearthed at an eighth-century B.C.E. cult site at Kuntillet ‘Ajrud, in the Sinai. The ibexes, similar to those on a Mycenaean box lid (see photograph), nibble from a stylized tree that represents the goddess Asherah, who stands, like Qudshu (see photograph), on a lion’s back.