Archives Mission Montet

One of a kind. A double-headed ax with crescent-shaped blades, held by an opponent in the lower right corner of a triumphal relief erected by Pharaoh Siamun (979–960 B.C.), is unlike any other weapon represented on Egyptian reliefs and therefore, author Kitchen argues, must refer to a specific event. Because the ax seems to come from the Aegean or Balkans, where the Philistines originated, perhaps Siamun is portrayed in battle on the Philistine coast adjacent to Judah. The Bible mentions that a pharaoh conquered Gezer, a Philistine town, and gave it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon’s wife (1 Kings 9:16); could Siamun, Solomon’s contemporary, be that pharaoh?