Robert Middelstaedt

The religious artifacts found near Khirbat al-Mudayna are similar to cult objects identified as Edomite discovered at Horvat Qitmit and ‘En Hatzeva. Perhaps they reflect the religious tradition of the “Men of Gad” whom the Bible locates near Madaba. Or the shrine may have been used by travelers, leaving offerings representing a variety of different traditions. Pictured here is one of the artifacts uncovered in the desert shrine—a striking limestone figurine head.