David Harris/Israel Museum

“To Haya, the great man,” begins this 13th-century B.C. cuneiform tablet found inside Aphek’s Egyptian Governor’s Residence. Written in Akkadian, the diplomatic lingua franca of the period, the tablet contains a request by Takuhlinu, an official in Ugarit, for a shipment of wheat from Haya, Aphek’s Egyptian ruler. The identities of the correspondents allowed Kochavi to estimate the date of Aphek’s destruction to about 1240 B.C.