John Rylands Library, Manchester, UK

Before the ossuary of James was discovered, the earliest attestation of Jesus appeared in the John Rylands Papyrus, the oldest known fragment of the New Testament, dating to about 125 C.E. The Greek text on the small (2.5 by 3.4 inches) papyrus fragment includes a portion of John 18:31–33 on one side (left) and 18:37–38 on the other (right), in which Jesus is questioned by Pontius Pilate.