Robert Teringo/National Geographic Society

The glory—and the power—of ancient Caesarea, the Roman capital of Judea, is conveyed in the artist’s drawing, which feature the manmade harbor (the largest in the ancient world), the temple to Roma and Augustus (at left) and a lighthouse (at right). Herod’s taste for drama and theater are on display even in his choice of an address, a promontory leading out into the Mediterranean.