Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY

One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was the inspiration for the grand Hellenistic tomb erected by Simon Maccabee, younger brother of Judah Maccabee, for the family tomb and victory memorial he erected in Modiin, the family’s home town. Neither the Mausoleum nor the tomb of the Maccabees survive, but other examples, such as the tomb of Zacharias from the necropolis in the Kidron Valley preserve Hellenistic architectural elements. The Tomb of Zacharias has a pyramidal roof and is decorated with a façade of engaged Ionic columns.