The mother’s ossuary, made of limestone and 22 inches long, is just big enough for the longest bone in the body—the femur. The bone box bears an inscription identifying the woman inside it as the daughter of a priest, the wife of a priest and the mother of a priest. Her father served in Apamea and her son in Palmyra, showing that there were Jewish communities in these cities prior to the First Jewish Revolt (66–70 C.E.). Ossuaries such as this were common in higher-class families in and around Jerusalem in the first century C.E.