Courtesy Israel Antiquities Authority

Theodotus, Son of Vettenus, commemorated his rebuilding of a synagogue with this Greek inscription that was excavated in a Jerusalem cistern. The plaque refers to a synagogue that was built while the Temple still stood, but it, too, was most likely destroyed by Titus and his men when they conquered and burned the city in 70 C.E. Because the synagogue inscription is in Greek and mentions accommodations for “those who have need from abroad,” scholars believe that it may have been intended largely for use by Jews of the Diaspora. This pre-Revolt synagogue—of which only the 25-by-17-inch limestone inscription and few architectural fragments survive—predates most of the synagogues in the Golan by hundreds of years.