HEROD’S JERUSALEM. Herod’s building projects did more to change the face of Jerusalem than those of any other ruler in the city’s history. In addition to constructing the Antonia, renovating the Temple and expanding the Temple Mount platform, Herod built a grand palace in the upper city on Jerusalem’s western ridge. It is likely that here in the palace, or praetorium—rather than in the Antonia—Jesus was tried and condemned by Pilate.