Courtesy Israel Exploration Society

SIGNS OF CONTACT. Several artifacts inscribed with South Arabian letters have been recovered from Iron Age sites in Israel. In the City of David, three pottery sherds, including this jar fragment inscribed with a monogram character spelling the name ḧll , were found in levels dating to the early sixth century B.C.E. Could these brief inscriptions have been left by the Sabaean merchants who were responsible for leading the trade caravans to the “towns of Judah”?