Thomas E. Levy, UCSD Levantine Archaeology Lab

EITHER ORE. Experts have identified two geological strata of copper ore deposits in the Faynan district: the Massive Brown Sandstone (MBS) stratum and the Dolomite Limestone Shale (DLS) stratum, or Burj formation. This photo shows copper ore nodules from the MBS stratum, which contains the highly prized green malachite as well as reddish-brown cuprite.