Thomas E. Levy, UCSD Levantine Archaeology Lab

INTO DARKNESS. The most common method of copper mining in the Iron Age and Roman period was the shaft-and-gallery technique, in which a shaft was dug down and then tunnels, or galleries, branched out from these for mining the ore. Two of the shafts in this “triple-shaft” mine date to the Iron Age, but they were reopened and a third shaft dug during the Roman period.