THE SCORNED SIBLING. At the center of the “forgery trial of the century” in Jerusalem sits this simple ossuary inscribed “James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus.” As part of an IAA-appointed committee, Yuval Goren convinced others that the inscription (or at least the “brother of Jesus” portion) was a modern forgery, citing an artificial patina. Having failed to examine the inscription using ESEM/EDS, Goren’s argument fell apart during cross-examination at the forgery trial, and he was forced to admit that there was some ancient patina in the second half of the inscription. It is unclear why Goren did not use ESEM/EDS to examine the inscription once the patina came into question.