© 2012 Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY/ADAGP, Paris/Réunion des musées nationaux/Art Resource, NY

Jeremiah laments the Babylonian destruction of Jerusalem in 586 B.C.E. in this lithograph by 20th-century artist Marc Chagall. Unlike Josephus during the First Jewish Revolt a half millennium later, the prophet was not only a historical witness of the events, but also a moral witness who spoke difficult truths to power.