Sonia Halliday and Laura Lushington

THREE BULLS OR ONE? Fulfilling her vow, Hannah takes her son Samuel to Eli, a priest at Shiloh, shown in this 13th-century stained-glass roundel from the Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England. In addition, she brings an offering of three bulls (see lower right), according to the Masoretic Text (MT). But in the next verse, the MT text refers to “the bull.” That verse comports with both the Septuagint (LXX) and the Dead Sea Scroll 4QSama, which state that Hannah brought one “three-year-old bull.”