Israel Antiquities Authority, Jerusalem

SON OF GOD. When the angel Gabriel appears to Mary in Luke 1, he says that her son will be called the “Son of the Most High” and “Son of God.” Similarly, in the Apocryphon of Daniel—a Dead Sea Scroll copied 100 years before the Book of Luke was written—the Daniel-like narrator says that a future ruler will be called “son of God” and “son of the Most High.” This connection, and the fact that both say the messiah character will be “great,” is an instance where the scrolls and the New Testament share distinctive features.