Courtesy Khirbet Qana Project

PILGRIM WORSHIP. It’s clear that the caves at Cana formed a major Christian underground veneration complex. On the eastern side of the cave, a sarcophagus lid had been turned on its side, serving as a kind of altar. The fifth–sixth-century lid was covered in plaster and featured Maltese-style crosses. The lid’s top edge was worn, perhaps from pilgrims placing their hands on it while praying. Above this altar was a shelf with two stone vessels found in situ. There was space for four more jars, suggesting that the vessels represented the six stone jars that held the water Jesus turned into wine.