© Erich Lessing/Lessingimages.com

PARADING THE TEMPLE’S TREASURES. Carved on one of the prominent panels of the Arch of Titus in Rome is a scene of victory—for the Romans—and loss—for the Jews. Roman soldiers march treasures from Jerusalem’s Temple through the streets of Rome. Bearing signs, the soldiers carry first the table of showbread, along with trumpets, and then the golden menorah. The scene commemorates the victory parade that took place after the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and sacked the Temple in 70 C.E., one of the decisive events of the First Jewish War (66–74 C.E.). According to Josephus, these spoils were then placed in Rome’s Temple of Peace.