GATH OF THE PHILISTINES. At Tell es-Safi/Gath, hometown of the giant Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4), archaeologists have unearthed significant evidence of Philistine occupation in addition to remains from prehistoric to modern times. Here, Tina Greenfield and Liz Arnold excavate a donkey skeleton that was placed as a ritual deposit below the floor of an Early Bronze Age III house.