DEAD SEA SCROLLS. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the caves near Qumran. Although many were found in fragments, some were well preserved. For example, the Temple Scroll came from Cave 11 as an intact roll. It was later unrolled and revealed to contain a text about a temple and religious rules for a Jewish sect. It dates from the first century B.C.E.–first century C.E. and measures nearly 27 feet in length (a portion of which is shown here), making it the longest of the Dead Sea Scrolls.