MOVING ACROSS THE MED. Stretched across a wall of Ramesses III’s temple at Medinet Habu near Luxor, a 12th-century relief documents the Sea Peoples’ dramatic arrival in Egypt. The “Sea Peoples,” a confederation of people from the “islands” whose homeland had been disturbed, traveled in ships, wreaked havoc across the eastern Mediterranean, and attacked Egypt. But the Egyptian forces, led by Ramesses III (the large figure on the right), defeated them. The Egyptians later settled the Sea Peoples—including the Peleset, or biblical Philistines—in the Levant.