© Erich Lessing/Library of the Cathedral, Gerona, Spain
In the rectangular scene below the ark, the waters surge above the mountain peaks, as bodies cascade into the depths. Only the topmost branches of a tree—perhaps the olive tree whose branch the dove carries Noah—and the hand of a drowning victim are above water level. The raven, left, sent out before the dove was ever released, according to Genesis 8:7, pecks at the victim’s hand.
These pages from a Spanish manuscript were illuminated by the monk Emeterio and by a nun between 970 and 975 A.D.