Nimat Allah/Art Resource, NY, NY

David and Goliath by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1573–1610). Young David triumphs over the decapitated Goliath in this gory but literal representation of the account in 1 Samuel 17:50–51: “David bested the Philistine with sling and stone; he struck him down and killed him …. David ran up and stood over the Philistine, grasped his sword and … with it he dispatched him and cut off his head.’