Scala/Art Resource, New York, NY
One of the Twelve Apostles, Thomas, according to legend, traveled to the East and founded Christian churches in India. Scholars long assumed that a gospel attributed to Thomas, referred to by the third century Christian apologist Hippolytus, must have been a late, apocryphal work. But when the Gospel of Thomas finally came to light among the Nag Hammadi Codices, scholars found that it was not a gospel like the canonical Gospels, but rather a collection of sayings of Jesus. Some of these sayings closely parallel passages in the canonical Gospels and may be earlier than the canonical versions.