Peter Parr

Midianite ware (shown here, compare with photo of citadel) has been recovered in northwestern Arabia, in the southern Transjordan and in sites near Eilat (such as Timna). The resulting picture of the period, Professor Cross notes, is of a “blank Sinai and thriving culture in Midian.” He therefore concludes that early elements of what was to become Israel were active in Midian rather than in Sinai.