British Museum

The brothers Rawlinson. Henry Creswicke Rawlinson (1810–1895; shown here) was a major with the British East India Company stationed in Baghdad when Layard began sending him inscriptions in Akkadian (the language, in cuneiform script, used by the Babylonians and Assyrians) from Nimrud and Nineveh. As Henry deciphered the tablets and monumental inscriptions, he provided his younger brother George (1812–1902; see photo of George Rawlinson), the Camden Professor of Ancient History at Oxford, with translations.