stadion 600-foot sprint, one length of the racecourse.

diaulos 1,200-foot sprint, two lengths of the racecourse.

dolichos distance race of 2-3 miles, 16-24 lengths of the racecourse.

hoplitodromos race in which the men wore armor.

pentathlon competition of five events: discus, javelin, long jump, wrestling and a stadion race. (The discus, javelin and long jump were only contested as part of the pentathlon, not separately.)

pancratium combination of boxing, kicking and wrestling—like modern Thai kick-boxing.

tethrippon four-horse chariot race.

synoris two-horse chariot race.

apene mule-cart race.

calpe a race for mares.