cruciarius (KROO-see-ARE-ee-us): the crucified person.

crurifragium (KROO-ri-FRAJ-ee-um): the act of breaking the legs of a person on the cross.

flagrum (FLAY-grum): a whip having metal weights or bone at the tips of multiple leather tails.

patibulum (pa-TIB-you-lum): the horizontal bar of a cross.

praetorium (pree-TOHR-ee-um): the residence or palace of a Roman provincial governor.

stipes (STY-pees): the vertical bar of a cross on which a victim is crucified.