The year was 1968, and former Hebrew University President Benjamin Mazar was digging next to the Temple Mount. While excavating a seventh-century C.E. two-story building, four seven-branched menorot were uncovered, two on a door lintel and another two on a wall.

Flanking an empty niche on the wall of the largest room on the second story appears a painted menorah. In the debris from this same room, a stone lintel with a Greek cross carved into the middle was found. Faded on either side of the cross was, again, a painted seven-branched menorah. This lintel would have originally been nestled above the entrance to the house.

This house may have originally been occupied by Christians and then later, when the menorot were added, turned into a synagogue.